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货币政策将向价格调控为主转变 “定向降息”等创新性调控引关注_财经


????[摘要]预计在巩固宏观审慎政策框架的同时,下一步金融严监管继续加码的可能性较小,将出现一个“破”到“立”的过程,即从严格限制表外融资、非标资产,到有序引导影子银行资金流向“缺水”的民营企业、小微企业以及一些基建补短板项目。本报记者 苏诗钰备受关注的中央经济工作会议将于近期召开,展望2019年货币政策重点,中国人民银行行长易纲近期表示,我国的货币政策正在逐步从数量调控为主向价格调控为主转变。在此过程中数量型调控也用、价格型调控也用。易纲表示,货币政策主要任务是支持实体经济,中国是一个开放的经济体,因此我们的货币政策既要考虑到内部均衡,也要考虑到外部均衡。当协调内部均衡和外部均衡存在矛盾时,要注意把握好平衡。针对经济运行变化,今年以来,货币政策进行了前瞻性预调微调。人民银行四次降低法定存款准备金,释放资金合计3.65万亿元,同时还运用MLF提供流动性新增1.76万亿元,这些都是为了更好的支持实体经济,使经济周期性所产生的一些收缩效应得到缓解。东方金诚首席宏观分析师王青昨日对《证券日报》记者表示,在今年的中央经济工作会议上,仍将要求继续实施稳健的货币政策。在明年的具体实施过程中,央行将更加重视对外部冲击的风险预判,强化前瞻性预调微调,在稳守不发生系统性金融风险底线的前提下,将支持实体经济,稳定市场信心,确保GDP增速不滑出底线作为货币政策的核心。与此同时,预计2019年货币政策转向显着宽松、出现“大水漫灌”现象的可能依然很小。2019年货币政策将继续向偏松方向微调,但整体仍将保持在稳健中性轨道。明年央行在保持市场流动性合理充裕的同时,有可能继续实施3次到4次“降准”,从而动员银行业金融机构加大对实体经济的表内信贷投放,对冲周期性收缩效应。王青表示,此外,为进一步引导银行加大对民营企业、小微企业等薄弱环节的信贷投放,监管层还可能实施“定向降息”等创新性调控政策。2018年7月份央行推出了“定向MLF”,即给予商业银行额外MLF,以支持其发放普通贷款和投资中低评级信用债。明年央行还可酌情推出“定向MLF”的升级版,即对那些向民营企业、小微企业提供信贷增速达到一定标准的商业银行,以低于同期政策利率的水平向其发放MLF。由此,通过差异化利率支持特定实体经济领域,实现“定向降息”效果。王青预期,在巩固宏观审慎政策框架的同时,下一步金融严监管继续加码的可能性较小,将出现一个“破”到“立”的过程,即从严格限制表外融资、非标资产,到有序引导影子银行资金流向“缺水”的民营企业、小微企业以及一些基建补短板项目。

zhai yao yu ji zai gong gu hong guan shen shen zheng ce kuang jia de tong shi, xia yi bu jin rong yan jian guan ji xu jia ma de ke neng xing jiao xiao, jiang chu xian yi ge" po" dao" li" de guo cheng, ji cong yan ge xian zhi biao wai rong zi fei biao zi chan, dao you xu yin dao ying zi yin hang zi jin liu xiang" que shui" de min ying qi ye xiao wei qi ye yi ji yi xie ji jian bu duan ban xiang mu. ben bao ji zhe su shi yu bei shou guan zhu de zhong yang jing ji gong zuo hui yi jiang yu jin qi zhao kai, zhan wang 2019 nian huo bi zheng ce zhong dian, zhong guo ren min yin hang hang zhang yi gang jin qi biao shi, wo guo de huo bi zheng ce zheng zai zhu bu cong shu liang tiao kong wei zhu xiang jia ge tiao kong wei zhu zhuan bian. zai ci guo cheng zhong shu liang xing tiao kong ye yong jia ge xing tiao kong ye yong. yi gang biao shi, huo bi zheng ce zhu yao ren wu shi zhi chi shi ti jing ji, zhong guo shi yi ge kai fang de jing ji ti, yin ci wo men de huo bi zheng ce ji yao kao lv dao nei bu jun heng, ye yao kao lv dao wai bu jun heng. dang xie tiao nei bu jun heng he wai bu jun heng cun zai mao dun shi, yao zhu yi ba wo hao ping heng. zhen dui jing ji yun xing bian hua, jin nian yi lai, huo bi zheng ce jin xing le qian zhan xing yu diao wei tiao. ren min yin hang si ci jiang di fa ding cun kuan zhun bei jin, shi fang zi jin he ji 3. 65 wan yi yuan, tong shi hai yun yong MLF ti gong liu dong xing xin zeng 1. 76 wan yi yuan, zhei xie dou shi wei le geng hao de zhi chi shi ti jing ji, shi jing ji zhou qi xing suo chan sheng de yi xie shou suo xiao ying de dao huan jie. dong fang jin cheng shou xi hong guan fen xi shi wang qing zuo ri dui zheng quan ri bao ji zhe biao shi, zai jin nian de zhong yang jing ji gong zuo hui yi shang, reng jiang yao qiu ji xu shi shi wen jian de huo bi zheng ce. zai ming nian de ju ti shi shi guo cheng zhong, yang hang jiang geng jia zhong shi dui wai bu chong ji de feng xian yu pan, qiang hua qian zhan xing yu diao wei tiao, zai wen shou bu fa sheng xi tong xing jin rong feng xian di xian de qian ti xia, jiang zhi chi shi ti jing ji, wen ding shi chang xin xin, que bao GDP zeng su bu hua chu di xian zuo wei huo bi zheng ce de he xin. yu ci tong shi, yu ji 2019 nian huo bi zheng ce zhuan xiang xian zhu kuan song chu xian" da shui man guan" xian xiang de ke neng yi ran hen xiao. 2019 nian huo bi zheng ce jiang ji xu xiang pian song fang xiang wei tiao, dan zheng ti reng jiang bao chi zai wen jian zhong xing gui dao. ming nian yang hang zai bao chi shi chang liu dong xing he li chong yu de tong shi, you ke neng ji xu shi shi 3 ci dao 4 ci" jiang zhun", cong er dong yuan yin hang ye jin rong ji gou jia da dui shi ti jing ji de biao nei xin dai tou fang, dui chong zhou qi xing shou suo xiao ying. wang qing biao shi, ci wai, wei jin yi bu yin dao yin hang jia da dui min ying qi ye xiao wei qi ye deng bo ruo huan jie de xin dai tou fang, jian guan ceng hai ke neng shi shi" ding xiang jiang xi" deng chuang xin xing tiao kong zheng ce. 2018 nian 7 yue fen yang hang tui chu le" ding xiang MLF", ji ji yu shang ye yin hang e wai MLF, yi zhi chi qi fa fang pu tong dai kuan he tou zi zhong di ping ji xin yong zhai. ming nian yang hang hai ke zhuo qing tui chu" ding xiang MLF" de sheng ji ban, ji dui nei xie xiang min ying qi ye xiao wei qi ye ti gong xin dai zeng su da dao yi ding biao zhun di shang ye yin hang, yi di yu tong qi zheng ce li lv de shui ping xiang qi fa fang MLF. you ci, tong guo cha yi hua li lv zhi chi te ding shi ti jing ji ling yu, shi xian" ding xiang jiang xi" xiao guo. wang qing yu qi, zai gong gu hong guan shen shen zheng ce kuang jia de tong shi, xia yi bu jin rong yan jian guan ji xu jia ma de ke neng xing jiao xiao, jiang chu xian yi ge" po" dao" li" de guo cheng, ji cong yan ge xian zhi biao wai rong zi fei biao zi chan, dao you xu yin dao ying zi yin hang zi jin liu xiang" que shui" de min ying qi ye xiao wei qi ye yi ji yi xie ji jian bu duan ban xiang mu.


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