新华社:融资、兼并、激励 资本市场多途径向企业注活力_财经


????除了融资,企业还能怎样利用资本市场?在缓解融资难融资贵问题时,资本市场能发挥什么作用?记者日前在北京、广东等地走访多家上市公司发现,不少企业正通过资本市场的多种手段,实现融资兼并、股权激励,为企业持续发展注入活力。多元化融资助推企业快速发展公开发行、非公开发行、发债、发票据……多元化的资本市场融资机制,可以较快地补充企业现金流,加快企业项目投产速度、促进企业规模扩张。对于创新型、研发型企业,资本市场的融资来得尤其关键。四维图新是地图导航行业的一家创新型企业。企业在2010年向社会公开募资约13.68亿元,2017年发行第一期债券募资5000万元。“这些资金都被集中用于高精度、精细化车载导航电子地图开发等,使企业研发投入占营收比连年保持在40%以上。”四维图新董秘孟庆昕在不久前深交所举办的“走进上市公司”活动中说。舒泰神则是在药品研发方面耗资较多。2011年上市募集到资金2.2亿元,超募6.6亿元,主要投向生产基地的建设等硬件、软件投入,目前超募资金还有留存,但“公司正在研发的都是创新药物,费用会非常高,未来可能会以研发项目的形式继续在资本市场融资。”舒泰神董事长周志文说。据Wind资讯统计,仅今年以来,A股上市公司就通过新股发行、增发、配股、发行优先股、发行可转债、可交换债等方式,募集资金约1万亿元。上市企业历年从资本市场募得的真金白银为许多公司的项目投产、研发创新、转型升级等提供了助力。多维度激励助企业健康发展不仅是融资,资本市场还可以在兼并重组、股权激励等多个维度帮助企业,及时抓住市场时机,稳定公司发展状况,实现转型升级、扩张发展等。“公司在2014年、2015年通过资本市场实施两次并购重组,整合了车辆、信号、线路、供电、站场五大板块优秀企业,目前全产业链规划布局初显,已经占据行业领军地位。”神州高铁董秘王志刚说。四维图新也有类似并购经历。2016年5月,四维图新以发行股份及支付现金相结合的方式,购买杰发亚博yabo平台100%的股权。“四维图新从此具备了为车厂提供高性能车载芯片的能力,为实现该领域芯片的自主可控提供了强大的资源支持。”孟庆昕说。另外,股权激励也稳定了企业团队。“在2016年我们经营遇到困难的时候做了一期股权激励计划,把公司的骨干人员基本都涵盖进去,稳定了公司队伍。”北京君正董事长刘强说,目前企业已经渡过最艰难时期,在新市场机遇下,凭借产品的低功耗、高性价比等性能优势逐渐打开市场,营收自2016年起重新实现增长。仍需深化改革助力企业发展近段时间以来,原材料、人工等成本上升,企业发展相对困难。资本市场仍有许多政策对企业的融资便利性等方面形成制约。业界希望有更多制度改革,助力企业发展。企业运营成本已经上升不少。安控亚博yabo平台总裁张磊说,原材料方面,集成电路芯片、半导体器件等产品的采购成本普遍上升3至6成,采购周期翻了3倍;劳动力成本较上年增长17%。融资成本也上升不少。安控亚博yabo平台最近的融资成本为6.65%,较基准利率上浮约五成;清新环境的融资成本从去年的4%至6%攀升到6%至8%。不少上市公司建议通过制度安排提高融资效率。“上市公司通过现行制度在证券市场发股融资的审批程序还是需要一定的周期,并且面临很大的不确定性,资本市场可出台相应政策明确和加快发股程序。”孟庆昕说。差异化的信披需求更加强烈。“希望监管及审核机构坚持信息披露监管导向,差异化监管安排,定制化监管服务,对好项目开通绿色通道,为项目落地提供渠道便利等。”贝瑞基因董事长高扬说。

chu le rong zi, qi ye hai neng zen yang li yong zi ben shi chang? zai huan jie rong zi nan rong zi gui wen ti shi, zi ben shi chang neng fa hui shen me zuo yong? ji zhe ri qian zai bei jing guang dong deng di zou fang duo jia shang shi gong si fa xian, bu shao qi ye zheng tong guo zi ben shi chang de duo zhong shou duan, shi xian rong zi jian bing gu quan ji li, wei qi ye chi xu fa zhan zhu ru huo li. duo yuan hua rong zi zhu tui qi ye kuai su fa zhan gong kai fa xing fei gong kai fa xing fa zhai fa piao ju duo yuan hua de zi ben shi chang rong zi ji zhi, ke yi jiao kuai di bu chong qi ye xian jin liu, jia kuai qi ye xiang mu tou chan su du cu jin qi ye gui mo kuo zhang. dui yu chuang xin xing yan fa xing qi ye, zi ben shi chang de rong zi lai de you qi guan jian. si wei tu xin shi di tu dao hang xing ye de yi jia chuang xin xing qi ye. qi ye zai 2010 nian xiang she hui gong kai mu zi yue 13. 68 yi yuan, 2017 nian fa xing di yi qi zhai quan mu zi 5000 wan yuan." zhei xie zi jin dou bei ji zhong yong yu gao jing du jing xi hua che zai dao hang dian zi di tu kai fa deng, shi qi ye yan fa tou ru zhan ying shou bi lian nian bao chi zai 40 yi shang." si wei tu xin dong mi meng qing xin zai bu jiu qian shen jiao suo ju ban de" zou jin shang shi gong si" huo dong zhong shuo. shu tai shen ze shi zai yao pin yan fa fang mian hao zi jiao duo. 2011 nian shang shi mu ji dao zi jin 2. 2 yi yuan, chao mu 6. 6 yi yuan, zhu yao tou xiang sheng chan ji di de jian she deng ying jian ruan jian tou ru, mu qian chao mu zi jin hai you liu cun, dan" gong si zheng zai yan fa de dou shi chuang xin yao wu, fei yong hui fei chang gao, wei lai ke neng hui yi yan fa xiang mu di xing shi ji xu zai zi ben shi chang rong zi." shu tai shen dong shi zhang zhou zhi wen shuo. ju Wind zi xun tong ji, jin jin nian yi lai, A gu shang shi gong si jiu tong guo xin gu fa xing zeng fa pei gu fa xing you xian gu fa xing ke zhuan zhai ke jiao huan zhai deng fang shi, mu ji zi jin yue 1 wan yi yuan. shang shi qi ye li nian cong zi ben shi chang mu de di zhen jin bai yin wei xu duo gong si de xiang mu tou chan yan fa chuang xin zhuan xing sheng ji deng ti gong le zhu li. duo wei du ji li zhu qi ye jian kang fa zhan bu jin shi rong zi, zi ben shi chang hai ke yi zai jian bing chong zu gu quan ji li deng duo ge wei du bang zhu qi ye, ji shi zhua zhu shi chang shi ji, wen ding gong si fa zhan zhuang kuang, shi xian zhuan xing sheng ji kuo zhang fa zhan deng." gong si zai 2014 nian 2015 nian tong guo zi ben shi chang shi shi liang ci bing gou chong zu, zheng he le che liang xin hao xian lu gong dian zhan chang wu da ban kuai you xiu qi ye, mu qian quan chan ye lian gui hua bu ju chu xian, yi jing zhan ju hang ye ling jun di wei." shen zhou gao tie dong mi wang zhi gang shuo. si wei tu xin ye you lei si bing gou jing li. 2016 nian 5 yue, si wei tu xin yi fa xing gu fen ji zhi fu xian jin xiang jie he de fang shi, gou mai jie fa ke ji 100 de gu quan." si wei tu xin cong ci ju bei le wei che chang ti gong gao xing neng che zai xin pian de neng li, wei shi xian gai ling yu xin pian de zi zhu ke kong ti gong le qiang da de zi yuan zhi chi." meng qing xin shuo. ling wai, gu quan ji li ye wen ding le qi ye tuan dui." zai 2016 nian wo men jing ying yu dao kun nan de shi hou zuo le yi qi gu quan ji li ji hua, ba gong si de gu gan ren yuan ji ben dou han gai jin qu, wen ding le gong si dui wu." bei jing jun zheng dong shi zhang liu qiang shuo, mu qian qi ye yi jing du guo zui jian nan shi qi, zai xin shi chang ji yu xia, ping jie chan pin de di gong hao gao xing jia bi deng xing neng you shi zhu jian da kai shi chang, ying shou zi 2016 nian qi chong xin shi xian zeng zhang. reng xu shen hua gai ge zhu li qi ye fa zhan jin duan shi jian yi lai, yuan cai liao ren gong deng cheng ben shang sheng, qi ye fa zhan xiang dui kun nan. zi ben shi chang reng you xu duo zheng ce dui qi ye de rong zi bian li xing deng fang mian xing cheng zhi yue. ye jie xi wang you geng duo zhi du gai ge, zhu li qi ye fa zhan. qi ye yun ying cheng ben yi jing shang sheng bu shao. an kong ke ji zong cai zhang lei shuo, yuan cai liao fang mian, ji cheng dian lu xin pian ban dao ti qi jian deng chan pin de cai gou cheng ben pu bian shang sheng 3 zhi 6 cheng, cai gou zhou qi fan le 3 bei lao dong li cheng ben jiao shang nian zeng zhang 17. rong zi cheng ben ye shang sheng bu shao. an kong ke ji zui jin de rong zi cheng ben wei 6. 65, jiao ji zhun li lv shang fu yue wu cheng qing xin huan jing de rong zi cheng ben cong qu nian de 4 zhi 6 pan sheng dao 6 zhi 8. bu shao shang shi gong si jian yi tong guo zhi du an pai ti gao rong zi xiao lv." shang shi gong si tong guo xian xing zhi du zai zheng quan shi chang fa gu rong zi de shen pi cheng xu hai shi xu yao yi ding de zhou qi, bing qie mian lin hen da de bu que ding xing, zi ben shi chang ke chu tai xiang ying zheng ce ming que he jia kuai fa gu cheng xu." meng qing xin shuo. cha yi hua de xin pi xu qiu geng jia qiang lie." xi wang jian guan ji shen he ji gou jian chi xin xi pi lu jian guan dao xiang, cha yi hua jian guan an pai, ding zhi hua jian guan fu wu, dui hao xiang mu kai tong lv se tong dao, wei xiang mu luo di ti gong qu dao bian li deng." bei rui ji yin dong shi zhang gao yang shuo.


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